Capital of Fars province, south central Iran, within the Zagros Mountains on an agricultural low land at an elevation of 4,875 ft (1,486 m). It is both a historic site and an attractive modern city with gardens, shrines, and mosques. Shiraz is the birthplace of the Persian poets Sa’di and Hafez, whose garden tombs, both resplendently renovated, lie on the northern outskirts. The ancient ruins of Perspolis and Pasargadae, the capital of Achaemenian Empire, are respectively 57 Km. And 130 Km. from Shiraz.